How to create Virtual Environment using Virtualbox.

There are many occasions where we will need to have several operating systems in our computer. Think that you’re a software developer and now you need to test your software under different platforms! Or, you need to try out several operating systems to review about them or to pick the best OS for your machine! Or suppose you download a file from torrent or other external link and don’t trust that file then you can run it in your virtualbox to notice its behavior and save your Host PC from getting infected.
*But the problem is what is the easiest method to have several operating systems in your PC? Install them in your hard drive and mess things up when you want to remove them? Actually, there’s a better way to solve this problem.

What is a Virtual Environment?

"Here the programs are run in an isolated OS on a virtual hard disk as shown in the image below.The program do not have physical access to the host OS. Refer the image below to understand the concept."


Do you know that we can run several operating systems right from your desktop? Well, you can run several virtual machines under one OS and remove them gracefully without harming your system

*VirtualBox is one of the best free applications which will allow you to easily install and manage several virtual machines.
 *Virtual box is a great asset a computer security professional, hackers, penetration testers.Using it one can create a pentesting lab to work on with out spending a buck from the pocket. So, today we are going to see how to install Ubuntu inside Windows as a virtual machine!

Requirement :

1.You need to download and install VirtualBox (Download)

2.Must have a RAM of atleast 1GB  for proper running.

3. Installation CD or .Iso file of any desired OS of your choice.(As here is Ubuntu.iso)

Procedure:

Step 1: After you download and install Virtual Box, open it and click on “New” as shown in the image :

Step 2: In the next window, click on “Next”. After that give a name for your Virtual Machine. For “Operating System” select “Linux”. For the version select “Ubuntu” and click “Next”

Step 3: Next set the amount of memory for the virtual machine and click “Next” (Do not give too much; keep some to your own system. Do not go to the red colored area.) In my system, I have 4 GB of memory, so I gave 1 GB for my virtual machine. The memory amount changes from OS to OS. For windows, you need more memory than Linux, so choose it carefully!

Step 4: In the next window select “Boot Hard Disk” (By default it’s selected) and select “Create New Hard Disk”. Now click “Next”.
 *After that, the Create New Virtual Disk Wizard will start. Click “Next” in the Welcome screen.
Now, select “Fixed Size Storage” and click “Next”
 *Next, give the size of the disk you want. For Ubuntu, the default size they offer (8 GB) is more than enough. So, keep it like that and click Next. After that, click on Finish to create the virtual disk. This will create an 8 GB virtual disk on your machine.

Step 5: At the end, it will give you a summary screen. Click “Finish” to continue
Now, in the main windows, select the OS that you have just created and click on “Start”

Step 6: If you see any information box, Just press “OK”

*Now that you’re running your virtual machine for the 1st time, they will run a wizard called “First Run Wizard” which will help you to select the installation media of your guest OS. Click on “Next” in the first screen.
*Next, insert the installation CD of your OS (in this case its Ubuntu) to your CD ROM. Now select your CD drive in the “Media Source” Field. But if you want to install form an image. Click on the little folder icon next to the media source filed. Next, in the “Virtual Media Manager” Window, click on “Add” and select your image file. After you have added the image, click on “Select”

After you’re done adding the image or setting up the CD drive. Click on “Next”. Finally, click “Finish”.

Now it will load the installation CD you have provided and you can continue with installing your OS! So, what do you think? Isn’t it a piece of cake? How many operating systems are you planning to install? Please feel free to share your ideas with us!

About Author:
This is a Guest post by Pubudu Kodikara who is a writer at Tech Hamlet, a state of the art tech blog which aims at educating people about the latest technology,news,hacks
tutorials,tricks and many more. 

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comment 12 comments:

Rohit Batra on December 3, 2010 at 12:48 AM said...

Nice Post..

I just wanted to ask if we create a fixed size storage then our HDD will allot the whole disk space as setted..but if we use dynamic it does not allot the whole space rather size is in KB's how come it has this difference??..

Satyajit (Admins,a.k.a Satosys) said...

@Rohit

As the name suggest "DYNAMIC" it keeps on expanding to its limit as allotted..initially is has small size (as u mentioned) but as we use the guest OS and store data on it the dynamic disk size expands....but in "FIXED" initially a certain amount of space is fixed in the host OS so it doesnot expands.

I hope you got your answer.... :)

Thanks for visiting :)

Rohit Batra on December 3, 2010 at 10:19 AM said...

@ Satyajit

Thanks for your Reply..

I also wanted to know that can we Expand the Dynamic and Fixed Disk Size alloted after it has been created as i was facing problems while running XP on Fixed size of 6GB i required more space so i couldn't add/expand on it rather i had to create a new Disk for it..??...

Ashok Kumar on December 3, 2010 at 12:42 PM said...

Thank you for sharing a wonderfull tip.

DTH on December 3, 2010 at 3:40 PM said...

Virtual environment won't be of any use i think and i am sure a lot of people will think the same. I think that it is not practical to do so.

Pubudu @ TechHamlet on December 3, 2010 at 8:47 PM said...

@Rohit Batra Bro, there are ways to do it. You can check them in this forum topic : http://forums.virtualbox.org/viewtopic.php?t=585

Pubudu @ TechHamlet on December 3, 2010 at 8:50 PM said...

@ Ashok Kumar You welcome mate! :D

@ DTH Then you must be living in a virtual world bro! I have been using Virtual Box for many years.. I use them to try out new Linux distros.. To learn how to configure servers... To test out software.. and also to Write blog posts! There are quite a lot of uses from virtual environments!

Rohit Batra on December 4, 2010 at 10:22 PM said...

@Pubudu

Thanks mate..thats wat i was looking for a long time..

Pubudu @ TechHamlet on December 5, 2010 at 8:25 PM said...

@ Rohit Batra You welcome bro! :D

Artur on December 6, 2010 at 5:11 PM said...

Thanks! Good post, but I just wanted to ask how do u access the hosts memory from the virtual machine…the host being ubuntu n the machine windows xp..how do u transfer data between the host n d machine..is it possible…?…

Rakesh kumar on December 12, 2010 at 7:11 PM said...

I have virtual box but don't how to use that. This article will sure help me.

archana.m.g on March 20, 2011 at 8:28 PM said...

My name is Archana...i heard running many os on virtual platform will create bad sectors on Hard disk...can someone throw light on this matter so tat it will be helpful for me...?

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